Articles for February 2018

Retirement Questions That Have Nothing to Do with Money

Think about these matters before you leave work for the last time.

Retirement planning is not entirely financial. Your degree of happiness in your “second act” may depend on some factors you cannot quantify. Here are a few of those factors as well as the questions they may end up provoking in your mind.

Where will you live? This is a major factor in retirement happiness. If you can surround yourself with family members and friends whose company you enjoy, in a community where you can maintain old friendships and meet new people with similar interests or life experience, that is a definite plus. If all this can occur in a walkable community with good mass transit and senior services, all the better. Moving away from the life you know to a spread-out, car-dependent suburb where anonymity seems more prevalent than community may be a bad idea. 

How will you get around in your eighties and nineties? The actuaries at Social Security project that a quarter of today’s 65-year-olds will live to age 90. Some will live longer. Say you find yourself in that group. What kind of car would you want to drive at 85 or 90? At what age would you cease driving? Lastly, if you do stop driving, who would you count on to help you go where you want to go and get out in the world?1

What will you do with your time? Retirement is not about leaving your old life behind, it is about enhancing the life you have created. It is about writing a new chapter in your life, informed by wisdom and experience. What will that chapter look like? What narrative will unfold for you?

Too many people retire without any idea of what their retirement will look like. They leave work, and they cannot figure out what to do with themselves, so they grow restless. Certainly, you do not want this to happen to you.

If your life, identity, and social circle revolves around your work, then maybe you should ignore any received wisdom that tells you to retire at a certain age and keep working. On the other hand, if you have goals and passions in mind that you need to pursue – dreams you need to fulfill away from your career or business – then you definitely have the “raw material” to write that next chapter in your life story and retire with purpose.

How will you keep up your home? At 45, you can tackle that bathroom remodel or backyard upgrade yourself. At 75, you will probably outsource projects of that sort, whether or not you stay in your current home. You may want to move out of a single-family home and into a townhome or condo for retirement. Regardless of the size of your retirement residence, you will probably need to fund minor or major repairs, and you may need to find reliable and affordable sources for gardening or landscaping.

Will your relationships with family and friends change? Should you move nearer to your children or other relatives? If you have grandchildren, what kind of role do you anticipate playing in their lives? Your significant other may spend more of each day with you than he or she has in years; that may be welcome, or it may take some adjustment.

These are the non-financial retirement questions that no pre-retiree should dismiss. Think about them as you plan and invest for the future 

Mike Moffitt may be reached at ph#641-782-5577 or email: mikem@cfgiowa.com

Website: www.cfgiowa.com

This material was prepared by MarketingPro, Inc., and does not necessarily represent the views of the presenting party, nor their affiliates. This information has been derived from sources believed to be accurate. Please note – investing involves risk, and past performance is no guarantee of future results. The publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting or other professional services. If assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services of a competent professional. This information should not be construed as investment, tax or legal advice and may not be relied on for the purpose of avoiding any Federal tax penalty. This is neither a solicitation nor recommendation to purchase or sell any investment or insurance product or service, and should not be relied upon as such. All indices are unmanaged and are not illustrative of any particular investment.

Michael Moffitt is a Registered Representative with and Securities are offered through LPL Financial, Member FINRA/SIPC. Investments advice offered through Advantage Investment Management (AIM), a registered investment advisor. Cornerstone Financial Group and AIM are separate entities from LPL Financial.   

Citations.

1 – ssa.gov/planners/lifeexpectancy.html [1/18/18]

 

The Importance of Equitable Estate Planning

 

Have you considered the factors that may promote inequality in wealth transfer?

Suzanne is widowed and has four adult children. Her investment portfolio is worth $1 million, and she owns a bed-and-breakfast inn worth $1 million as well. Can she conveniently and equally bequeath these assets to her kids to give each child a $500,000 share of her wealth?

This may not be as easy as it seems. “Suzanne” and her estate planning dilemma are hypothetical; the above scenario genuinely illustrates why “equal” estate planning is not necessarily equitable.

Some estates are hard to divide fairly. This problem often surfaces when successful individuals or families have much of their net worth in illiquid assets, such as investment properties, collectibles, or private company interests. An illiquid asset can be hard to sell, and its price may need to be reduced to make a sale or exchange work. Once sold, the illiquid asset may not represent an “equal” share of the estate, only a devalued one.

Moreover, the illiquid asset may be unwanted by the heir. An heir may have little desire to become a landlord or maintain a classic car collection. 

Life insurance can address this problem. In the above scenario, the purchase of a $2 million life insurance policy may be a very wise move. This will boost the value of the estate to $4 million and permit “Suzanne” to bequeath $1 million in assets to each of her kids. The ownership of the $1 million bed-and-breakfast inn no longer needs to be divided. That $1 million share of the estate can be left to the heir with the most interest in real estate investment.

The division of assets is still imperfect. The $1 million investment portfolio and the $1 million inn may increase in value. The $2 million in life insurance proceeds, while tax free, may or may not end up being invested by the other two heirs after the 50/50 split. Still, the initial distribution of wealth is more equitable, and more manageable, than it would be otherwise.

Buy-sell agreements can address major issues for business owners who want to hand their firms down to the next generation. A well-crafted buy-sell agreement can delineate the heir(s) in control of a company’s ownership and their degree of control. It can also clearly state when and how shareholders can transfer their shares in the business to others.

In pursuit of equitable estate planning, some families choose the blended approach. This method promises greater rewards for heirs who have made greater contributions to family wealth. It aims to distribute family assets equally, fairly, and equitably.

When the blended approach is used, the bulk of family wealth is divided equally among heirs in cash. Some assets are distributed fairly – select liquid or illiquid assets are handed down to this or that heir to suit individual priorities, needs, or wants. Then, a defined percentage of the estate is distributed equitably, based on involvement in the family business or similar criteria.1

Whether you have done much or little estate planning, the matter of equitable division of assets must be considered. In terms of asset transfer, what seems equal at first consideration may not prove equal in execution.

Mike Moffitt may be reached at ph#641-782-5577 or email: mikem@cfgiowa.com.

Website: www.cfgiowa.com

This material was prepared by MarketingPro, Inc., and does not necessarily represent the views of the presenting party, nor their affiliates. This information has been derived from sources believed to be accurate. Please note – investing involves risk, and past performance is no guarantee of future results. The publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting or other professional services. If assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services of a competent professional. This information should not be construed as investment, tax or legal advice and may not be relied on for the purpose of avoiding any Federal tax penalty. This is neither a solicitation nor recommendation to purchase or sell any investment or insurance product or service, and should not be relied upon as such. All indices are unmanaged and are not illustrative of any particular investment.

Michael Moffitt is a Registered Representative with and Securities are offered through LPL Financial, Member FINRA/SIPC. Investments advice offered through Advantage Investment Management (AIM), a registered investment advisor. Cornerstone Financial Group and AIM are separate entities from LPL Financial.

Citations.

1 – barrons.com/articles/the-smartest-way-to-pass-on-your-fortune-1459270512 [3/29/16]