April 2013


Stocks just couldn’t be stopped in March. The S&P 500 rose 3.60%, all the way to a new record close of 1,569.19 on March 28 (the last market day of the month). The Dow and Russell 2000 reached all-time peaks as well. Even another crisis in Europe couldn’t stop the advance. Stateside indicators were broadly positive (which was not the case for foreign stock indices and the performance of key commodities). Even with sequester cuts affecting the federal budget and the payroll tax holiday a memory, the overall outlook for the economy and the market seemed to brighten.1


On March 1, an $85 billion reduction in federal spending over the next six months was authorized by law – a 13% cut for the armed forces and a 9% cut for other government agencies. The spending cuts (also known as sequestration) would be gradually enacted, and some analysts felt they would be smaller than announced or retroactively amended. While sequestration resulted from a stalemate between the White House and Congress, fears that Congress would fail to pass a crucial  short-term budget bill by March 27 faded away when lawmakers did so on March 21.2,3

The Commerce Department’s latest consumer spending data showed Americans spending, saving and earning more. In February, personal spending rose 0.7% and personal incomes 1.1%; the savings rate improved to 2.6%. Higher gas prices and swelling dividends influenced the jumps in spending and income, however – and rising pump prices also accounted for about half of the month’s 1.1% advance in retail sales. Still, consumer spending was up 0.3% in February when adjusted for inflation. Speaking of inflation, the Consumer Price Index and the Producer Price Index each rose 0.7% for February. Annualized consumer inflation was still no threat at 1.3%; the Federal Reserve’s current target is 2.0%.4,5,6,7

America’s two most-watched consumer confidence polls flashed opposite signals in March: the University of Michigan’s final March consumer sentiment survey rose 1.0% to 78.6, but the Conference Board’s March poll dropped 8.3% to 59.7.4,5

The Institute for Supply Management’s March manufacturing PMI disappointed, falling to 51.3 (the weakest reading since December) from the prior mark of 54.2. On the other hand, its February non-manufacturing index climbed to 56.0 (a one-year peak) from the 54.2 reading in January. In related news, durable goods orders rose 5.7% in February, with new transportation orders driving the gain; industrial production also rose 0.7% in that month.7,8,9,10

Would the Fed taper off its stimulus effort in the coming months? Perhaps not. Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke reassured investors in mid-March that while the central bank might soon adjust the amount of its monthly bond purchases, it would keep easing for the foreseeable future. The federal government also put out its final estimate of Q4 GDP: +0.4%, the poorest quarterly advance since 2011.5,11


Another EU member required a bailout: Cyprus, hardly an economically significant nation within the euro area but still a potential harbinger of a fractured eurozone. On March 16, Cyprus was offered a €10 billion rescue package from the European Central Bank to recapitalize its lenders – but on March 19, its parliament rejected the bailout terms. The most controversial stipulation: a tax of up to 10% on bank accounts. Rumors had the country appealing to Russia and Middle Eastern investors for aid; finally, it accepted an ultimatum and agreed to a modified €10 billion ECB bailout on March 25. Its banks reopened on March 28 after being shuttered for almost two weeks, with limits on withdrawals to quell a panic.12,13

The HSBC purchasing manager indices tracking manufacturing in several Asian nations improved last month: 51.6 in China, 50.8 in Vietnam, 52.0 in South Korea, 51.3 in Indonesia, 51.2 in Taiwan. (India’s HSBC PMI reading declined 2.2% to 52.0.) The Bank of China’s official PMI was at 50.9 in March, the highest level in 11 months. Also making headlines: “Abenomics”, the sweeping economic policies of new Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe. Abe is for aggressive central bank easing and stimulus spending, and fresh optimism that Japan will leave its current recession seemed prevalent in its soaring stock market and in a Bank of Japan survey that had business sentiment rising after falling for consecutive quarters.14,15  


In the west, the TSX Composite (-0.56%), Bovespa (-1.87%) and BOLSA (-0.10%) all fell last month as our major indices gained. In Europe, March gains were logged by the FTSE 100 (+0.80%), CAC 40 (+0.23%) and DAX (+0.69%); the EURO STOXX 50 fell 0.36%. Losses were common in the Asia Pacific region last month, felt by the S&P Asia 50 (-2.19%), the S&P/ASX 200 (-2.70%), the Sensex (-1.10%), the Hang Seng (-3.13%) and the Shanghai Composite (-5.21%); the Nikkei 225, on the other hand, climbed 6.82% to go +22.95% for the first quarter. MSCI’s World Index rose 2.10% for March, while its Emerging Markets Index fell 2.09%.16,17


A strengthening dollar and renewed belief in the economy took a toll on some commodity futures. Key precious and base metals had a mixed March: silver (-0.4%) and platinum (-0.6%) pulled back, gold (+1.1%) and palladium (+4.6%) advanced. At the end of March, COMEX gold settled at $1,595.70. Oil futures gained 5.6% in March (NYMEX crude ended the month at $97.23) while natural gas futures jumped 15.1%. Cotton futures rose 5.8% in March. The U.S. Dollar Index logged another monthly gain (+1.27%) and settled at 82.99 on March 28.18,19,20,21


Despite some monthly volatility, the year-over-year change in this sector remained profoundly positive. New home sales fell 4.6% in February, but were up 12.3% annually. Existing home sales rose 0.8% in February, bringing the yearly increase to 10.2%; the median price of a residential resale reached $173,600, 11.6% improved from February 2012. Pending home sales did fall 0.4% in February, but the yearly gain was 5.0%; January’s Case-Shiller Home Price Index rose 1.0% after a 0.9% gain in December. Housing starts were up 0.8% in February and 27.7% annually.5,22,23,24

Comparing Freddie Mac’s Primary Mortgage Market Surveys of February 28 and March 28, average home loan interest rates increased on both 30-year FRMs (3.51% to 3.57%) and 5/1-year ARMs (2.61% to 2.68%) in that interval. On the other hand, average rates for 1-year ARMs declined from 2.64% to 2.62% while rates on 15-year FRMs were 2.76% in both editions of the survey.25


The DJIA achieved nine record closes in March, ending the month with another one: 14,578.54. The S&P ended March at 1,569.19, the NASDAQ at 3,267.52 and the Russell 2000 at 951.54 (the RUT was up 4.44% for the month).1,26

















S&P 500






3/28 RATE










Sources: cnbc.com, bigcharts.com, treasury.gov – 3/28/131,27,28

Indices are unmanaged, do not incur fees or expenses, and cannot be invested into directly.

These returns do not include dividends.

So where is the top for this market? Ardent bulls see the S&P marching steadily toward 1,550 or even 1,600 across the balance of the year, even if the current optimism fades and something approaching a correction occurs. Bears see a bubble forming off the collective euphoria. So which side has it right? No crystal ball exists to provide us with the answer to that question, but there is an old saying to keep in mind: bull markets tend to doggedly ascend a “wall of worry.” Right now, your notable or emerging worries to stocks include the lingering crisis in the eurozone, a strengthening dollar, the potential hit to the economy this spring from the sequester cuts, the only-guesstimated nuclear weapons potential of Iran and North Korea, and anxieties that the Fed and other central banks might wrap up quantitative easing campaigns too quickly. At the start of April, none of these market threats had dented investor confidence all that much. Perhaps that confidence will take the rally to new peaks this month.


Looking at the rest of April, here are the highlights of the economic news stream … ISM’s March non-manufacturing index (4/3), the March employment report from the Labor Department (4/5), February wholesale inventories (4/9), the March 20 Fed minutes (4/10), the March PPI, March retail sales, February business inventories and the University of Michigan’s preliminary April consumer sentiment survey (4/12), April’s NAHB housing market index (4/15), the March CPI plus data on March housing starts, building permits and industrial production (4/16), a Fed Beige Book (4/17), the Conference Board’s March index of Leading Economic Indicators (4/18), March existing home sales (4/22), March new home sales and February’s FHFA housing price index (4/23), March durable goods orders (4/24), the initial estimate of Q1 GDP and the month’s final University of Michigan consumer sentiment survey (4/26), March consumer spending and pending home sales (4/29), and finally the February Case-Shiller home price index and the Conference Board’s April consumer confidence poll (4/30).

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This material was prepared by MarketingLibrary.Net Inc., and does not necessarily represent the views of the presenting party, nor their affiliates. Marketing Library.Net Inc. is not affiliated with any broker or brokerage firm that may be providing this information to you. This information should not be construed as investment, tax or legal advice and may not be relied on for the purpose of avoiding any Federal tax penalty. This is not a solicitation or recommendation to purchase or sell any investment or insurance product or service, and should not be relied upon as such. The Dow Jones Industrial Average is a price-weighted index of 30 actively traded blue-chip stocks. The NASDAQ Composite Index is an unmanaged, market-weighted index of all over-the-counter common stocks traded on the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation System. The Standard & Poor’s 500 (S&P 500) is an unmanaged group of securities considered to be representative of the stock market in general. It is not possible to invest directly in an index. NYSE Group, Inc. (NYSE:NYX) operates two securities exchanges: the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) and NYSE Arca (formerly known as the Archipelago Exchange, or ArcaEx®, and the Pacific Exchange). NYSE Group is a leading provider of securities listing, trading and market data products and services. The New York Mercantile Exchange, Inc. (NYMEX) is the world’s largest physical commodity futures exchange and the preeminent trading forum for energy and precious metals, with trading conducted through two divisions – the NYMEX Division, home to the energy, platinum, and palladium markets, and the COMEX Division, on which all other metals trade. The S&P/TSX Composite Index is an index of the stock (equity) prices of the largest companies on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) as measured by market capitalization. The Bovespa Index is a gross total return index weighted by traded volume & is comprised of the most liquid stocks traded on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange.  The Mexican Stock Exchange (Spanish: Bolsa Mexicana de Valores, BMV; BMV: BOLSA) is Mexico’s only stock exchange. The FTSE 100 Index is a share index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalization. The CAC-40 Index is a narrow-based, modified capitalization-weighted index of 40 companies listed on the Paris Bourse. The DAX 30 is a Blue Chip stock market index consisting of the 30 major German companies trading on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. The EURO STOXX 50 Index, Europe’s leading Blue-chip index for the eurozone, provides a blue-chip representation of supersector leaders in the eurozone. The S&P Asia 50 is an equity index drawn from four major Asian markets – Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan. The S&P/ASX 200 is recognized as the primary investable benchmark in Australia. The BSE SENSEX (Bombay Stock Exchange Sensitive Index), also-called the BSE 30 (BOMBAY STOCK EXCHANGE)or simply the SENSEX, is a free-float market capitalization-weighted stock market index of 30 well-established and financially sound companies listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). The Hang Seng Index is a freefloat-adjusted market capitalization-weighted stock market index that is the main indicator of the overall market performance in Hong Kong. The SSE Composite Index is an index of all stocks (A shares and B shares) that are traded at the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Nikkei 225 (Ticker: ^N225) is a stock market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE). The Nikkei average is the most watched index of Asian stocks. The MSCI World Index is a free-float weighted equity index that includes developed world markets, and does not include emerging markets. The MSCI Emerging Markets Index is a float-adjusted market capitalization index consisting of indices in more than 25 emerging economies. The US Dollar Index measures the performance of the U.S. dollar against a basket of six currencies. Additional risks are associated with international investing, such as currency fluctuations, political and economic instability and differences in accounting standards. All information is believed to be from reliable sources; however we make no representation as to its completeness or accuracy. All economic and performance data is historical and not indicative of future results. Market indices discussed are unmanaged. Investors cannot invest in unmanaged indices. The publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting or other professional services. If assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services of a competent professional.



1 – www.cnbc.com/id/100600350 [3/28/13]
2 – www.reuters.com/article/2013/03/01/us-usa-fiscal-idUSBRE91P0W220130301 [3/1/13]
3 – www.cbsnews.com/8301-250_162-57575622/congress-finally-averts-fiscal-crisis-with-time-to-spare/ [3/21/13]
4 – www.nytimes.com/reuters/2013/03/29/business/29reuters-consumer-spending.html [3/29/13]
5 – www.csmonitor.com/Business/2013/0329/Strong-rise-in-consumer-spending-caps-good-week-in-economic-news [3/29/13]
6 – articles.marketwatch.com/2013-03-13/economy/37663012_1_retail-sales-gas-stations-building-material-stores [3/13/13]
7 – www.jec.senate.gov/republicans/public/index.cfm?p=EconomicNews&ContentRecord_id=faa3f919-b827-4254-808b-83eb3f6d8602 [3/15/13]
8 – www.nasdaq.com/article/us-march-manufacturing-pmi-slows-to-513-vs-542-in-february–ism-20130401-00482#.UVn1hldXqXk [4/1/13]
9 – www.ism.ws/ISMReport/NonMfgROB.cfm [3/5/13]
10 – www.foxbusiness.com/economy/2013/03/26/durable-goods-orders-big-ticket-items-durable-goods/ [3/26/13]
11 – www.sfgate.com/news/article/Bernanke-Stimulus-hinges-on-sustained-improvement-4370751.php [3/20/13]
12 – www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/financialcrisis/9951858/Cyprus-bailout-timeline.html [3/28/13]
13 – www.businessweek.com/ap/2013-03-28/news-summary-cyprus-banks-reopen-after-crisis [3/28/13]
14 – economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/international-business/asian-manufacturing-picks-up-in-march-data-shows/articleshow/19319865.cms [4/1/13]
15 – www.foxbusiness.com/news/2013/03/31/japan-business-mood-improves-as-market-reacts-to-abenomics/ [3/31/13]
16 – bloomberg.com/markets/stocks/ [3/31/13]
17 – mscibarra.com/products/indices/international_equity_indices/gimi/stdindex/performance.html [3/28/13]
18 – bullionpricestoday.com/bullion-prices-mixed-in-first-quarter-2013-gold-silver-coins-mixed/ [3/29/13]
19 – www.proactiveinvestors.com/companies/news/42162/oil-caps-longest-winning-streak-of-2013-gold-drops-42162.html [3/28/13]
20 – www.reuters.com/article/2013/03/28/markets-commodities-idUSL2N0CK14Y20130328 [3/28/13]
21 – online.wsj.com/mdc/public/npage/2_3050.html?mod=mdc_curr_dtabnk&symb=DXY [3/29/13]
22 – www.realtor.org/news-releases/2013/03/existing-home-sales-and-prices-continue-to-rise-in-february [3/21/13]
23 – www.census.gov/construction/nrc/pdf/newresconst.pdf [3/22/13]
25 – www.freddiemac.com/pmms/ [4/1/13]
26 – blogs.barrons.com/stockstowatchtoday/2013/03/28/sp-500-breaks-record-closing-high/ [3/28/13]
27 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=DJIA&closeDate=3%2F28%2F12&x=0&y=0 [3/28/13]
27 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=COMP&closeDate=3%2F28%2F12&x=0&y=0 [3/28/13]
27 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=SPX&closeDate=3%2F28%2F12&x=0&y=0 [3/28/13]
27 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=DJIA&closeDate=3%2F28%2F03&x=0&y=0 [3/28/13]
27 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=COMP&closeDate=3%2F28%2F03&x=0&y=0 [3/28/13]
27 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=SPX&closeDate=3%2F28%2F03&x=0&y=0 [3/28/13]
28 – treasury.gov/resource-center/data-chart-center/interest-rates/Pages/TextView.aspx?data=realyieldAll [4/1/13]

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