Articles tagged with: consumer prices

The Long Ascent of the S&P 500

The index has overcome obstacle after obstacle through the years.

No one knows what will happen tomorrow on Wall Street. Even the most esteemed analysts can only make educated guesses. As the old saying goes: past performance is not indicative of future results.

All that said, the market has had many more positive years than negative years. The history of the S&P 500 is worth considering in light of recent market volatility. The S&P is the broad benchmark that economists, journalists, and investors regard as shorthand for the “market.” As the S&P 500 includes about 500 companies, it represents overall market performance better than the 30-component Dow Jones Industrial Average.

If you look at the annual returns of the S&P since 1928, you will see a long ascent with periodic interruptions, and a historical affirmation of equity investment. Looking at the total returns of the S&P (with dividends reinvested), the numbers are even more impressive.

The S&P advanced in 63 of the 87 years from 1928-2014. The average total return during those 63 profitable years was 21.5%. The average total return during the 24 down years was not as bad: -13.6%.1

The index has endured only four multi-year slumps in this 87-year period: 1930-31, 1940-41, 1973-74 and 2000-02. As for extremes, the total return for 1954 was 52.56%; the total return for 1931 was -43.84%.2

Narrowing the time frame a bit to reflect the investing experience of baby boomers, the S&P advanced in 31 of the 40 years from 1975-2014.3

Have market gains typically outpaced inflation? Looking at data since 1950, the answer is yes. Only in the 1970s and 2000s did U.S. equities climb less than consumer prices. The nadir came in the 1970s, when yearly inflation averaged 7.4% while the S&P’s average price return was 1.6% and its average total return was 5.8%. Contrast that with the 1990s. In that decade, the annual price return for the index averaged 15.3%, the average total return 18.1%; mean yearly inflation was just 2.9%.4

When it seemed like the market was coming apart, the S&P recovered. As the oil crisis and inflation threatened to unglue venerable economies in the 1970s, the S&P posted total returns of -14.31% in 1973 and -25.90% in 1974. Then it roared back, gaining 37.00% in 1975 and 23.83% in 1976. When the dot-com bubble burst, the total return was -11.85% in 2001, -21.97% in 2002; after that, the S&P’s next two annual total returns were +28.36% and +10.74%. When the credit crunch and the Great Recession occurred, the index delivered an abysmal -36.55% total return in 2008; the next year, the total return improved to +25.94% and stayed positive through 2014.2

The S&P’s compound returns are especially encouraging. In studying the index’s compound annual returns, we get a solid understanding of how staying in the market has benefited the U.S. equity investor. Average returns are interesting, yet they do not factor in cumulative gains or losses over a given period.

Examining 40-year performance periods for the S&P from 1928-2014, the poorest such period had a compound return of 8.9%. The best 40-year “window” had a 12.5% compound return. Using an even narrower “window,” we find that the best 15-year stretch was from 1985-99, producing a compound return of 18.3%. The poorest 15-year stretch occurred before many of today’s investors were born: the interval from 1929-43 had a compound annual growth rate of just 0.6%.1

The compound return across 1928-2014 is 9.8%, in simplest terms meaning that a $100 investment in shares of S&P 500 firms in that year would have grown to $346,261 in 2014.1,*

The correction we have just witnessed looks momentary indeed in the light cast by these “windows” of time.

The lesson? Stay patient & keep the big picture in mind. Before this latest correction, the market had been comparatively calm for so long (the previous 10% drop happened nearly four years ago), investors had almost forgotten what a correction felt like. Moreover, that 2011 correction was the culmination of a three-month market descent; it was not so abrupt.5

We cannot predict tomorrow, but we can take comfort (and encouragement) from the history of the market and how well the S&P 500 has performed over time.

Mike Moffitt may be reached at ph# 641-782-5577 or email: mikem@cfgiowa.com

Website: www.cfgiowa.com

Michael Moffitt is a Registered Representative with and Securities are offered through LPL Financial, Member FINRA/SIPC. Investments advice offered through Advantage Investment Management (AIM), a registered investment advisor. Cornerstone Financial Group and AIM are separate entities from LPL Financial.

 * This is a hypothetical example and is not representative of any specific situation. Your results will vary. The hypothetical rates of return used do not reflect the deduction of fees and charges inherent to investing.

The Standard & Poor’s 500 Index is a capitalization weighted index of 500 stocks designed to measure performance of the broad domestic economy through changes in the aggregate market value of 500 stocks representing all major industries.

 The S&P 500 is an unmanaged index which cannot be invested into directly. Unmanaged index returns do not reflect fees, expenses, or sales charges. Index performance is not indicative of the performance of any investment. Past performance is not guarantee of future results.

This material was prepared by MarketingPro, Inc., and does not necessarily represent the views of the presenting party, nor their affiliates. This information has been derived from sources believed to be accurate. Please note – investing involves risk, and past performance is no guarantee of future results. The publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting or other professional services. If assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services of a competent professional. This information should not be construed as investment, tax or legal advice and may not be relied on for the purpose of avoiding any Federal tax penalty. This is neither a solicitation nor recommendation to purchase or sell any investment or insurance product or service, and should not be relied upon as such. All indices are unmanaged and are not illustrative of any particular investment.

 

Citations.

1 – marketwatch.com/story/understanding-performance-the-sp-500-in-2015-02-18 [2/18/15]

2 – pages.stern.nyu.edu/~adamodar/New_Home_Page/datafile/histretSP.html [1/5/15]

3 – 1stock1.com/1stock1_141.htm [8/27/15]

4 – simplestockinvesting.com/SP500-historical-real-total-returns.htm [8/27/15]

5 – cnbc.com/2015/08/21/the-associated-press-qa-what-a-stock-market-correction-means-to-you.html [8/21/15]

CFGIowa Weekly Economic Update February 28, 2014

MORE MILD INFLATION

Consumer prices ticked up 0.1% for January while wholesale prices rose 0.2%. Analysts polled by MarketWatch expected both the headline Consumer Price Index and Producer Price Index to advance 0.1%. The bigger news item (perhaps) is that the Labor Department altered its calculation of producer prices for the first time in 36 years. The definitive PPI is now called the PPI Final Demand index, and it measures prices received for exports, services, federal government purchases and construction in addition to those of finished goods.1,2

POOR HOME SALES TO START THE YEAR

The annual pace of existing home sales hit an 18-month low in January; the National Association of Realtors announced 5.1% monthly and yearly declines in residential resales. The good news? Inventory continues to expand (+2.2% in January) and the median existing home price was $188,900 last month, up 10.7% from a year ago.3

OIL TOPS $102, GOLD ADVANCES FOR A THIRD WEEK

NYMEX crude for April delivery settled at $102.20 a barrel Friday, rising 1.9% for the week. Unrest in Ukraine, Venezuela, Turkey and other emerging markets also influenced the 0.4% gain for COMEX gold futures last week – the precious metal settled Friday at $1,323.60 per ounce.4

NASDAQ ADDS TO YTD GAINS

The tech-heavy benchmark rose 0.46% during this past abbreviated trading week, wrapping up Friday at 4,263.41; in contrast, the Dow and S&P 500 each slipped a bit over four days. After a 0.32% weekly loss, the Dow stood at 16,103.30. The S&P settled Friday at 1,836.25, losing 0.13% on the week.5

THIS WEEK: Berkshire Hathaway, Hertz and Live Nation announce earnings Monday. Tuesday, the Conference Board publishes its February consumer confidence index, the December Case-Shiller and FHFA home price indices appear, and Big 5, Office Depot, CoreLogic, Metro PCS, Papa John’s, Toll Brothers, Macy’s, Home Depot, Alleghany, Molycorp, Dreamworks and Cracker Barrel all present earnings. Wednesday offers January new home sales numbers and earnings from Baidu, TJX, Starwood Hotels, JC Penney and U.S. Cellular. Thursday, Fed chair Janet Yellen reports to Congress and new initial claims figures and data on January hard goods orders arrive; quarterly results come from Salesforce, Wendy’s, Hilton, Monster, Sempra Energy, Main Street Capital and Republic Airways. Friday brings the month’s final University of Michigan consumer sentiment index, NAR’s report on January pending home sales, and the second federal estimate of Q4 GDP.

Please feel free to forward this article to family, friends or colleagues.
If you would like us to add them to our distribution list, please reply with their address.
We will contact them first and request their permission to add them to our list.

Securities offered through LPL Financial (LPL), Member FINRA/SIPC. Investment advice offered through Advantage Investment Management, a registered investment advisor. Cornerstone Financial Group and Advantage Investment Management are separate entities from LPL Financial.

The fast price swings in commodities, precious metals and currencies will result in significant volatility in an investor’s holdings.

Precious metal investing is subject to substantial fluctuation and potential for loss.

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by the urban consumers for a market basket of consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services.

This material was prepared by MarketingLibrary.Net Inc., and does not necessarily represent the views of the presenting party, nor their affiliates. This information has been derived from sources believed to be accurate. Please note – investing involves risk, and past performance is no guarantee of future results. The publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting or other professional services. If assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services of a competent professional. This information should not be construed as investment, tax or legal advice and may not be relied on for the purpose of avoiding any Federal tax penalty. This is neither a solicitation nor recommendation to purchase or sell any investment or insurance product or service, and should not be relied upon as such. All indices are unmanaged and are not illustrative of any particular investment.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average is a price-weighted index of 30 actively traded blue-chip stocks.

The NASDAQ Composite Index is an unmanaged, market-weighted index of all over-the-counter common stocks traded on the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation System.

The Standard & Poor’s 500 (S&P 500) is an unmanaged group of securities considered to be representative of the stock market in general. It is not possible to invest directly in an index.

NYSE Group, Inc. (NYSE:NYX) operates two securities exchanges: the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) and NYSE Arca (formerly known as the Archipelago Exchange, or ArcaEx®, and the Pacific Exchange). NYSE Group is a leading provider of securities listing, trading and market data products and services.

The New York Mercantile Exchange, Inc. (NYMEX) is the world’s largest physical commodity futures exchange and the preeminent trading forum for energy and precious metals, with trading conducted through two divisions – the NYMEX Division, home to the energy, platinum, and palladium markets, and the COMEX Division, on which all other metals trade.

Additional risks are associated with international investing, such as currency fluctuations, political and economic instability and differences in accounting standards. This material represents an assessment of the market environment at a specific point in time and is not intended to be a forecast of future events, or a guarantee of future results. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Investments will fluctuate and when redeemed may be worth more or less than when originally invested. All economic and performance data is historical and not indicative of future results. Market indices discussed are unmanaged. Investors cannot invest in unmanaged indices. The publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting or other professional services. If assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services of a competent professional.

Citations.
1 – marketwatch.com/economy-politics/calendars/economic [2/21/14]
2 – bloomberg.com/news/2014-02-18/producer-price-index-in-u-s-gets-first-overhaul-since-1978.html [2/18/14]
3 – 247wallst.com/housing/2014/02/21/january-sales-of-existing-homes-at-18-month-low/ [2/21/14]
4 – proactiveinvestors.com/companies/news/52249/gold-rises-05-oil-above-102-52249.html [2/21/14]
5 – fxstreet.com/news/forex-news/article.aspx?storyid=f0ae7598-7cbc-41c0-a5ff-1f741e2d583b [2/21/14]

CFGIowa Weekly Economic Update November 25, 2013

CONSUMER & PRODUCER PRICES DECLINE

Last week, Labor Department reports showed the Consumer Price Index down 0.1% for October while the Producer Price Index slipped 0.2% with help from a 3.8% dip in gasoline costs. The real news was the remarkably tame yearly inflation. In the last 12 months, the CPI has only increased 1.0% and the PPI just 0.3% (although the core PPI did rise 1.4%). What do these annualized gains represent? The weakest wholesale inflation since 2009.1,2

FEWER HOMES SELL IN OCTOBER

Existing home sales fell 3.2% last month, according to the National Association of Realtors. This marks the second straight monthly decline. Higher mortgage rates, narrowing inventory and the federal government’s 16-day shutdown certainly influenced sales volume. The median sales price of an existing home was $199,500 last month, 12.8% higher than a year ago.1,3

RETAIL SALES IMPROVE

October saw a solid 0.4% rise in the indicator, and that surprised analysts who thought the federal shutdown would hurt the headline number. Auto sales powered October’s gain, but Census Bureau data showed a 0.2% advance even with car and truck buying removed.1

S&P CLOSES ABOVE 1,800

While the October Federal Reserve policy meeting minutes revealed the possibility of tapering QE3 (Quantitative Easing) in “the coming months,” stocks still pulled higher on the week. The Dow (+0.65% to 16,064.77), NASDAQ (+0.14% to 3,991.65) and S&P 500 (+0.37% to 1,804.76) all shrugged off midweek dips.1,4

THIS WEEK: NAR releases its October pending home sales report Monday, complementing earnings from Fifth Street Finance and Wet Seal. On Tuesday, the Census Bureau issues September and October reports on housing starts and building permits, the Conference Board’s November consumer confidence index comes out, and the September Case-Shiller Home Price Index arrives; additionally, TiVo and Chico’s announce Q3 results. Wednesday brings the University of Michigan’s final November consumer sentiment index, the Conference Board’s October leading indicators index and the October durable goods orders report from the Census Bureau. All U.S. financial markets will be closed Thursday in observance of Thanksgiving. Friday is Black Friday, of course; the NYSE and NASDAQ will close at 1:00pm EST with the bond market likely closing an hour later.

% CHANGE

Y-T-D

1-YR CHG

5-YR AVG

10-YR AVG

DJIA

+22.59

+25.15

+19.93

+6.68

NASDAQ

+32.20

+36.39

+37.67

+11.08

S&P 500

+26.54

+29.74

+25.12

+7.43

REAL YIELD

11/15 RATE

1 YR AGO

5 YRS AGO

10 YRS AGO

10 YR TIPS

0.56%

-0.71%

3.15%

1.93%

Sources: usatoday.com, bigcharts.com, treasury.gov – 11/22/135,6,7,8

Indices are unmanaged, do not incur fees or expenses, and cannot be invested into directly.

These returns do not include dividends.


Please feel free to forward this article to family, friends or colleagues.  If you would like us to add them to our distribution list, please send us their address (click the link). We will contact them first and request their permission to add them to our list.


«RepresentativeDisclosure»

This material was prepared by MarketingLibrary.Net Inc., and does not necessarily represent the views of the presenting party, nor their affiliates. Marketing Library.Net Inc. is not affiliated with any broker or brokerage firm that may be providing this information to you. This information should not be construed as investment, tax or legal advice and may not be relied on for the purpose of avoiding any Federal tax penalty.

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by the urban consumers for a market basket of consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services.

The Producer Price Index (PPI) program measures the average change over time in the selling prices received by domestic producers for their output. The prices included in the PPR are from the first commercial transaction for many products and services.

Quantitative Easing is a government monetary policy occasionally used to increase the money supply by buying government securities or other securities from the market. Quantitative easing increases the money supply by flooding financial institutions with capital in an effort to promote increased lending and liquidity.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average is a price-weighted index of 30 actively traded blue-chip stocks.

The NASDAQ Composite Index is an unmanaged, market-weighted index of all over-the-counter common stocks traded on the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation System.

The Standard & Poor’s 500 (S&P 500) is an unmanaged group of securities considered to be representative of the stock market in general. It is not possible to invest directly in an index.

NYSE Group, Inc. (NYSE:NYX) operates two securities exchanges: the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) and NYSE Arca (formerly known as the Archipelago Exchange, or ArcaEx®, and the Pacific Exchange). NYSE Group is a leading provider of securities listing, trading and market data products and services.

The New York Mercantile Exchange, Inc. (NYMEX) is the world’s largest physical commodity futures exchange and the preeminent trading forum for energy and precious metals, with trading conducted through two divisions – the NYMEX Division, home to the energy, platinum, and palladium markets, and the COMEX Division, on which all other metals trade.

Additional risks are associated with international investing, such as currency fluctuations, political and economic instability and differences in accounting standards. This material represents an assessment of the market environment at a specific point in time and is not intended to be a forecast of future events, or a guarantee of future results. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.  Investments will fluctuate and when redeemed may be worth more or less than when originally invested.

All information is believed to be from reliable sources; however we make no representation as to its completeness or accuracy. All economic and performance data is historical and not indicative of future results. Market indices discussed are unmanaged. Investors cannot invest in unmanaged indices. The publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting or other professional services. If assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services of a competent professional.

Citations.

1 – news.morningstar.com/articlenet/article.aspx?id=620267 [11/20/13]
2 – marketwatch.com/story/us-wholesale-costs-fall-again-in-october-2013-11-21 [11/21/13]
3 – business.time.com/2013/11/20/u-s-existing-home-sales-fall-3-2-percent-in-october/ [11/20/13]
4 – thestreet.com/story/12120723/1/market-hustle-curb-that-enthusiasm-dow-hesitates-at-16000.html [11/22/13]
5 – usatoday.com/money/markets/overview/ [11/22/13]
6 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=DJIA&closeDate=11%2F21%2F12&x=0&y=0 [11/22/13]
6 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=COMP&closeDate=11%2F21%2F12&x=0&y=0 [11/22/13]
6 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=SPX&closeDate=11%2F21%2F12&x=0&y=0 [11/22/13]
6 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=DJIA&closeDate=11%2F21%2F08&x=0&y=0 [11/22/13]
6 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=COMP&closeDate=11%2F21%2F08&x=0&y=0 [11/22/13]
6 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=SPX&closeDate=11%2F21%2F08&x=0&y=0 [11/22/13]
6 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=DJIA&closeDate=11%2F21%2F03&x=0&y=0 [11/22/13]
6 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=COMP&closeDate=11%2F21%2F03&x=0&y=0 [11/22/13]
6 – bigcharts.marketwatch.com/historical/default.asp?symb=SPX&closeDate=11%2F21%2F03&x=0&y=0 [11/22/13]
7 – treasury.gov/resource-center/data-chart-center/interest-rates/Pages/TextView.aspx?data=realyield [11/22/13]
8 – treasury.gov/resource-center/data-chart-center/interest-rates/Pages/TextView.aspx?data=realyieldAll [11/22/13]